Can i send my young daughters (10 years and 7 years) on an excursion with the school? The school has only females. They go to a dam for the day out? There are elderly women who accompany the young students?
Allah Ta’ala states with regard to women in the Quraan-e-Majeed:
وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولَى
Translation: “Remain in your homes, and do not display (your) beauty as it used to be displayed in
the earlier days of ignorance”
The Deen of Islam, via the laws and rulings it prescribes, establishes the protection of women, their honour and rights. The basic principle (as the aforementioned Aayah alludes to) is that a woman ought to remain at home, and not go out except for essential reasons and necessary purposes.
Rasoolullah SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam said: “A woman is an object of concealment. When she emerges (from her home) Shaytaan surreptitiously pursues her. (And he lies in wait to create mischief by leading her astray and others astray through her). And the closest she can be to Allah is when she is in the innermost portion of her house”.
The Hanafi Madhab legislates that it is forbidden for a woman to travel 78km or more without her Mahram. Notwithstanding this fact, the Fuqahaa (jurists) maintain that a woman ought not to travel without her mahram even for distances less than 77km due to the immorality, Fitna and many coherent dangers which may arise. Hence, due to necessity, if a woman needs to travel less than 77km, she may do so with the consent of her husband, on condition that true and proper Hijab is observed.
Due to the group comprising predominantly of young school-going girls, and the absence of any male presence; gathering in an open public space could attract the unnecessary attention and gazes of strange men and perhaps even their advances. Furthermore, a woman, due to her innate physical weakness, is more susceptible to crime being perpetrated on her.
After the demise of Rasoolullah SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam, A’isha RadiAllahu Anha stated that if Rasoolullah SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam were to witness the circumstances in that time, He SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam would most certainly have prevented women from frequenting the Masaajid. If women who were covered in full Hijab (some of whom were Sahabiyyat RadiAllahu Anhunna) were discouraged to go out, then we most certainly live in a time wherein the Fitna has increased exponentially, providing all the more reason for women not to go out unnecessarily.
Allah Ta’ala has placed parents as guardians over their children. Hence, any decision taken by the parent should be based on what is best for the child with regard to its Deen and Tarbiyah, physical and emotional well-being, and most importantly, its salvation in Aakhirah. We therefore advise that your daughters not be sent on this excursion. Lovingly explain to them the reason for your decision. Hadhrat Moulana Shah Hakeem Muhammad Akhtar Saheb Rahmatullahi Alaihi advised that if a person wishes to take a bone away from a dog, that the bone not be snatched away from the dog because it will attack. Rather, replace the bone with a piece of meat and both the person and the dog will remain happy. Similarly, in your situation, compensate for them not being allowed to go on the excursion with something else such as a family gathering in a conducive, controlled environment such as some special permissible treat within the confines of the home.
Checked and Approved By:
Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.
عن عبد الله عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال إن المرأة عورة فإذا خرجت استشرفها الشيطان وأقرب ما تكون من وجه ربها وهي في قعر بيتها (مسند البزار، الرقم: 1820)
(قَوْلُهُ فِي سَفَرٍ) هُوَ ثَلَاثَةُ أَيَّامٍ وَلَيَالِيهَا فَيُبَاحُ لَهَا الْخُرُوجُ إلَى مَا دُونَهُ لِحَاجَةٍ بِغَيْرِ مَحْرَمٍ بَحْرٌ، وَرُوِيَ عَنْ أَبِي حَنِيفَة وَأَبِي يُوسُفَ كَرَاهَةُ خُرُوجِهَا وَحْدَهَا مَسِيرَةَ يَوْمٍ وَاحِدٍ، وَيَنْبَغِي أَنْ يَكُونَ الْفَتْوَى عَلَيْهِ لِفَسَادِ الزَّمَانِ شَرْحُ اللُّبَابِ وَيُؤَيِّدُهُ حَدِيثُ الصَّحِيحَيْنِ «لَا يَحِلُّ لِامْرَأَةٍ تُؤْمِنُ بِاَللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ أَنْ تُسَافِرَ مَسِيرَةَ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ إلَّا مَعَ ذِي مَحْرَمٍ عَلَيْهَا» وَفِي لَفْظٍ لِمُسْلِمٍ «مَسِيرَةَ لَيْلَةٍ» وَفِي لَفْظٍ «يَوْمٌ»
رد المحتار على الدر المختار (2/ 464)
وَلَا تُسَافِرُ الْمَرْأَةُ بِغَيْرِ مَحْرَمٍ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ وما فَوْقَهَا
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