Settling The Expenses/Debts Of A Zakaat Recipient

Question

Can a person pay the utility (e.g. water/electricity) bills of an eligible Zakaat recipient using Zakaat money?

Does he need permission for this from the person?

Answer

If a person wishes to pay someone’s utility bills with Zakat, it will only be permissible if he was granted permission to do so by the recipient of the Zakat.

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

وَلَوْ قَضَى دَيْنَ حَيَّ فَقِيرٍ إِنْ قَضَى بِغَيْرِ أَمْرِهِ لَمْ يَجُزْ؛ لِأَنَّهُ لَمْ يُوجَدُ التَّمْلِيكُ مِنْ الْفَقِيرِ لِعَدَمٍ قَبْضِهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ بِأَمْرِهِ يَجُوزُ عَنْ الزَّكَاةِ لِوُجُودِ التَّمْلِيكِ مِنْ الْفَقِيرِ؛ لِأَنَّهُ لَمَّا أَمَرَهُ بِهِ صَارَ وَكِيلًا عَنْهُ فِي الْقَبْضِ فَصَارَ كَأَنَّ الْفَقِيرَ قَبَضَ الصَّدَقَةَ بِنَفْسِهِ وَمِلْكِهِ مِنْ الْغَرِيمِ.
(بدائع الصنائع ج ۲ ص ۳۹)

(أَمَّا دَيْنُ الْحَيِّ الْفَقِيرِ فَيَجُوزُ لَوْ بِأَمْرِهِ، أَيْ يَجُوزُ عَنْ الزَّكَاةِ عَلَى أَنَّهُ تَمْلِيكٌ مِنْهُ وَالدَّائِنُ يَقْبِضُهُ بِحُكْمِ النِّيَابَةِ عَنْهُ ثُمَّ يَصِيرُ قَائِضًا لِنَفْسِهِ فَتْحٌ
(الدر المختار مع رد المحتار ج ٣٤٥/٢)

(البحر الرائق ج ٢ / ص ٢٦١)

(مجمع الأنهر ج۱ / ص ۳۲۸)

(تبيين الحقائق ج۱ / ص ٣٠٠)

(النهر الفائق ج ١ / ص ٤٦٢ )

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