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A Saahib-e-Tarteeb Imaam Leading A Salaah With An Outstanding Qadha

Question

If a Saahb-eTarteeb was the Imaam of the next Salaat without having made up for the Salaat before what will be the condition of the Salaat of those following him?

Answer

If an Imam was a Saahib-e-Tarteeb and he missed a Salaah and then prior to making up for the missed Salaah he leads the next Salaah, the ruling of his Salaah and the Salaah of those behind him will fall under one of three categories: 

a) If the Imam forgot that he had a missed Salaah outstanding, the next Salaah that he led will be valid and so will be the Salaah of all those performing Salaah behind him (as mentioned above). 

b) If the Imam leads the next Salaah whilst remembering that he has a missed Salaah outstanding, this next Salaah will be regarded as Fasaad-e-Mauqoof, and depending on when he makes up that outstanding Salaah, there will be two scenarios: 

1) If he makes up the missed Salaah before the passing of the time of six Salaat from the time he missed, then all his Salaat (that had become Fasaad-e-Mauqoof) will become null and void, and they will have to be repeated, the Imam’s Salaah will have to be repeated as well as the Salaah of all those who prayed those Salaat behind him. 

2) If he makes up the missed Salaah after the passing of the time of six Salaat from the time he missed, all his Salaat (that had become Fasaad-e-Mauqoof), including the ones he was Imam in, will become valid, the Imam’s Salaah, as well as those who prayed behind him. 

For example, if Bakr missed his Fajr Salaah and did not make the Qadhaa, then (whilst remembering that his Fajr Salaah is still outstanding), he leads Dhuhr Salaah, and only after performing ‘Asr, Maghrib, and ‘Isha, then he makes up his Qadhaa of Fajr. In this case, his Dhuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, ‘Isha will become null and void and will have to be repeated, which would mean that all those who prayed their Dhuhr Salaah behind him will also have to repeat these Salaat. 

However, if he prays his missed Salaah after the time of Fajr of the next day expires (after the time of six Salaat passes), all those Salaat will become valid and there will be no need of repeating any of the Salaat.

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

ويسقط الترتيب عند كثرة الفوائت وهو الصحيح، هكذا في محيط السرخسي وحد الكثرة أن تصير الفوائت ستا بخروج وقت الصلاة السادسة وعن محمد – رحمه
الله تعالى أنه اعتبر دخول وقت السادسة، والأول هو الصحيح، كذا في الهداية.
(الفتاوى الهندية) ج١ ص١٢٣ (الباب الحادى عشر في قضاء الفوائت) (ط: مكتبة رشيدية)

اگر صاحب ترتیب شخص فوت شدہ نماز یاد ہونے کی حالت میں وقت یہ نماز پڑھ لے ، تو یہ نماز فاسد قرار پاتی ہے ، لیکن اس کا فساد اس پر و مقوف ہے کہ وہ بچہ نمازوں سے پہلے پہلے فوت شدہ نماز ادا کر لے ، پس اگر اس نے فوت شدہ قضا نہیں کی ؛ تا آں کہ اس کے ذمہ مزید چھ نمازیں لازم ہو گئیں تو چھٹی نماز کا وقت نکلتے ہی ترتیب کا حکم ساقط ہو جائے گا، اور اس کی ادا کر دہ نمازیں صحیح قرار پائیں گی

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