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Items Taken In Lieu Of A Rental Debt

Question

Just wanted to find out the ruling regarding.

We had a tenant in one of our buildings & he ran away. There is goods & shelving in the shop. Can it be sold of the value on the Rental he owes us.

Answer

The belongings of a tenant who absconds without paying his rent can be taken in lieu of the rental debt. Care should be taken in ensuring that only items to the value of what you are owed is taken from his belongings.

 

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

(قوله وأطلق الشافعي أخذ خلاف الجنس) أي من النقود أو العروض؛ لأن النقود يجوز أخذها عندنا على ما قررناه آنفا. قال القهستاني: وفيه إيماء إلى أن له أن يأخذ من خلاف جنسه عند المجانسة في المالية، وهذا أوسع فيجوز الأخذ به وإن لم يكن مذهبنا، فإن الإنسان يعذر في العمل به عند الضرورة كما في الزاهدي. اهـ. قلت: وهذا ما قالوا إنه لا مستند له، لكن رأيت في شرح نظم الكنز للمقدسي من كتاب الحجر. قال: ونقل جد والدي لأمه الجمال الأشقر في شرحه للقدوري أن عدم جواز الأخذ من خلاف الجنس كان في زمانهم لمطاوعتهم في الحقوق. والفتوى اليوم على جواز الأخذ عند القدرة من أي مال كان لا سيما في ديارنا لمداومتهم للعقوق. رد المحتار على الدر المختار (4/ 95) سعيد

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