Method Of Visiting The Cemetry

Question

Kindly provide me with the sunnah method of visiting the cemetery:

-Dua to read when entering

-what to read at the qabr side

-where to stand at the qabr side- eg at the feet end, or head end or side

-what to recite at the qabr side

In my case, at the _____ cemetery, my mother is buried in _ section and my brother is in _ section- a distance of approx. 1 km- do I need to visit both qabrs?

Answer

Dua to be read when entering:

السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ أَهْلَ الدِّيَارِ مِنْ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمِينَ، وَإِنَّا إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ بِكُمْ لَاحِقُونَ، نَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ لَنَا وَلَكُمْ الْعَافِيَة

O inmates of the resting abode of the believers, may peace descend upon you from Allah F , InshaAllah soon we will be joining you. I beg Allah Efor ease for ourselves and yourselves. 

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَهْلَ القُبُورِ، يَغْفِرُ اللَّهُ لَنَا وَلَكُمْ، أَنْتُمْ سَلَفُنَا، وَنَحْنُ بِالأَثَرِ.

O inmates of the graves, may peace descend upon you (from Allah E), May Allah E forgive us and you. You have preceded us (in going towards the Aakhirah) and we are soon to follow.                                                                                      

What to be read or recited at the Qabr side: 

One can recite any portion of the Quraan and convey the reward of the recitation to the deceased. However, the following Surahs have been specifically mentioned in our Fiqhi books for recitation at the graveyard.

a) Surah Yaaseen.

b) Surah Faatihah.

c) The beginning verses of Surah Baqarah and the ending verses of Surah Baqarah.

d) Aayatul Kursi.

e) Surah Mulk.

f) Surah Thakaathur.

g) Surah Ikhlaas.

h) Surah Zilzaal.

Where to stand at the Qabr side: 

Is better to stand at the legside of the Qabr, facing the direction of the face.  

There are virtues narrated in a Hadith with regard to visiting the grave of one’s mother. So, in the case of having two deceased relatives such as a brother and a mother, if it is difficult for a person to visit both the graves then one may go to visit the grave of his mother and make Esaal-e-Thawaab (convey the reward of good deeds) for his brother. 

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

 سنن ابن ماجه  ج ٢ ص ٤٩٧  دار الرسالة العالمية

سنن الترمذي ج ٣ ص ٣٦٠  شركة مكتبة ومطبعة مصطفى

 قوله ( ويقرأ يس ) لما ورد من دخل المقابر فقرأ سورة يس خفف الله عنهم يومئذ وكان له بعدد من فيها حسنات بحر وفي شرح اللباب ويقرأ من القرآن ماتيسر له من الفاتحة وأول البقرة إلى المفلحون وآية الكرسي وآمن الرسول وسورة يس وتبارك الملك وسورة التكاثر والإخلاص اثني عشر مرة أو عشرا أو

سبعا أو ثلاثا ثم يقول اللهم أوصل ثواب ما قرأناه إلى فلان أو إليهم اه حاشية رد المختار على الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار ج ٢ ص ٢٤٢ دار الفكر  (

 يَأْتِي الزَّائِرُ مِنْ قِبَلِ رِجْلَيْ الْمُتَوَفَّى لَا مِنْ قِبَلِ رَأْسِهِ لِأَنَّهُ أَتْعَبُ لِبَصَرِ الْمَيِّتِ، بِخِلَافِ الْأَوَّلِ لِأَنَّهُ يَكُونُ مُقَابِلَ بَصَرِهِ ( رد المحتار على الدر المختار ج ٢ ص ٢٤٢  دار الفكر

عن محمد بن النعمان يرفعه من زار قبر أبويه أو أحدهما في كل جمعة غفر له وكتب برا رواه البيهقي ( حاشية على مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح ص ٦١٩ المطبعة الكبرى الأميرية

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