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Continuous Discharge

Question

If a woman experiences discharge all the time would she need to make a new wudhu at the start of each Salaah also would she need to change the underwear.

Answer

The vaginal discharge experienced
by women can be of three types: 

1. A discharge which originates from beyond the vagina with the possibility of including the fallopian tube, the ovaries, or the womb. This type of discharge is yellowish or greenish, and very thick, with a strong odour or bad stench. This is impure and will nullify the Wudhu. This has to be washed off by making Istinja with water. Consequently, if the impurity is on ones clothing, then it must be washed if the amount reaches the size of one Dirham, which is estimated to be the size of the inner portion of
the palm, or calculated to be approximately 3cm in diameter and 12cm incircumference.

2. A discharge from the external/outer section of the vagina. This is moisture that is found on the outer labia of the vagina. This is not impure and will not nullify the Wudhu. This is like perspiration and will not be necessary to wash or change the underwear due to this type of discharge. Similarly, it will not be necessary to wash the private parts or do Istinja.

3. A discharge from the inner section of the vagina. This type of discharge is usually clear, cloudy or whitish, moderate in quantity, thin or slightly viscous, and with a mild odour. This is generally slightly thicker and slimier than perspiration. It is also limpid, viscid and mucous. There is a differenceof opinion with regards to the ruling of this discharge between Imam Abu Hanifa rahmatullahi alayh and his two students Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad rahmatullahi alayh, the former regarding it as pure and the latter regarding it as impure. Since many women commonly suffer from this problem, Imam Abu Hanifa’s view will be preferred; i.e. it will not be regarded as impure and the ablution will remain intact. Therefore, this type of discharge will have the same legal rulings as the previous type of discharge. 

Note: This ruling is applicable if the whitish discharge is not mixed with blood or semen and is not due to arousal, in which case the Wudhu will be nullified.

If one is experiencing a continual discharge of the first type, one can be categorized as a Ma’dhur (one who is excused). If the entire time of Salah passes by wherein this discharge does not terminate for a duration of time allowing one to perform Wudhu and offer Salah, this person will be termed a Ma’dhur. However, to remain a Ma’dhur, the discharge must be found at least once in the following Salah times. If a full Salah time passes by wherein this discharge hasn’t occurred once, one will no longer remain a Ma’dhur. A Ma’dhur will make Wudhu as soon as the time for Salah enters. With that Wudhu one can perform as many Faraid and Nafwafil one wishes within the Salah period, but as soon as the time elapses, the Wudhu will break and one will have to perform a new Wudhu for the next Salah time.

Due to a continual discharge, it will be permissible to use a tampon to prevent the discharge from exiting the private part, causing the Wudhu to break (this will apply to the first type of discharge, as the second two are not impure, hence not breaking Wudhu in the first place). If it is placed on the external/outer portion of the vagina, the Wudhu will break when the discharge happens, regardless if it is visible on the outside of the tampon or not. If the tampon is placed in the inner section of the vagina, the Wudhu will break if the discharge surfaces on the outer side of the tampon if the tampon was in line with the labia or the tampon is inside the vagina, but the bottom/outside portion of the tampon surpasses the labia. If, however, the tampon is inside the vagina, but the tampon doesn’t reach the labia, the Wudhu will not break once the discharge surfaces and is apparent on the outer side of the tampon. Now if she does Wudhu again while having the tampon on and removes the tampon prior to another discharge, the Wudhu will break if she can see the wetness on the upper/inside portion of the tampon, or if it has surfaced on the bottom/outside of the tampon. But if this tampon does not stop the discharge from exiting the private part and the Wudhu is always breaking, she will be categorized as a Ma’dhur if the requirements are met. If a woman finds it impossible or extremely difficult to discern between the types of discharges, then precaution would dictate that she should consider the
discharge to be impure, wash it off with water and make a fresh Wudhu for each Salahor each Salah time (if she qualifies to be a Ma’dhur).

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

(رد المحتار، ١: ٣١٣، سعيد) 

(امداد الفتاوی ،۱۲۱:۱، مکتبہ دار العلوم کراچی )

( کتاب الفتاوی، ۴۷:۲،زمزم پبلشرز )

(رد المحتار، ١: ٣٠٦٣٠٥، سعيد)

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