Eating Lobster


According to hanifi fiqh is lobster allowed. There is some dispute but I’m not completely sure of that. The reason why I’m asking is over (UK) hear there are strong ulama that have said its allowed because it dies shortly after it’s out of the water. But others say imam abu hanifa RA says no and classes it as the cockroaches of the sea. 


According to Hanafi Fiqhi, it is only permissible to eat fish from all the sea creatures.  The criteria mentioned by our Fuqaha for something to be classified as a fish (after referring to the experts) are:

a) It should be a vertebrate. 
b) It should have gills.
c) It should have fins. 

It is clear that a lobster does not fully meet the above criteria.  Therefore, we will conclude that it will not be permissible to eat lobsters according to the Hanafi Madh’hab.

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.


ولا يحل حيوان مائي إلا السمك (الدر المختار مع رد المحتار ٦/٣٠٦)

                          ماہرین حیوانات نے مچھلی کی تعریف میں جو چیزیں ذکر کی ہیں ان میں سے تین بالکل عام فہم ہیں: ۱)     ریڑھ کی ہڈی ۲)     سانس لینے کے گلپھڑے ۳) تیرنے کے پنکھے (احسن الفتاوی ۷/۳۹۵)

(بخلاف غيرهما من الهوام) فلا يجوز اتفاقا كحيات وضب وما في بحر كسرطان إلا السمك (الدر المختار مع رد المحتار ٥/٦٨)

Purpose and Scope
The information provided on this website is intended for informational and educational purposes only. Fatawa provided on this website are context-dependent, scenario-specific and are impacted by interpretations and individual circumstances.
The information provided on this website is not a substitute for an independent, scenario-specific question, and must not be used to determine or establish a ruling for any other circumstance, situation or dispute.
Accuracy and Reliability
While Darul-Ifta - Darul Uloom Azaadville strives for accuracy, errors may occur. Users are encouraged to verify information independently and notify the Darul-Ifta of any discrepancies.
We reserve the right to edit, moderate or remove any content.
No Legal Authority
Fatawa provided on this website are not legal judgments but rather religious rulings. Legal matters should be addressed through appropriate legal channels.
By using this website, users agree to these terms and conditions.