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Shia Heirs

Question

A person’s sister has married a Shia man and is now following Shiasm apparently.

The family would like to know if this sister would inherit in the event of her father passing away.

Answer

In this time and era, majority of the Shias, due to the wrong and Unislamic beliefs are considered to be out of the fold Islam rendering them a kaafir and murtad (one who has left the fold of Islam after believing). 

After establishing with surety that the said lady is following the Shia faith and there is a change in her previous beliefs, the inheritance will also be altered (meaning that she will not then qualify for inheritance), despite the deceased person being her father. In the laws of inheritance, a Murtad and Kaafir cannot inherit from Muslim relatives.

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

(وموانعه) (واختلاف الدين) إسلاما وكفرا(الدر مع الرد٦/٧٦٧)

* (ومما يتصل بهذا الباب ميراث المرتد) المرتد لا يرث من مسلم ولا من مرتد مثله(الفتاوى الهندية6/455)

*مرتد ولايت كا اهل نهیں ہوتا اس لئے وہ کسی سے میراث نہیں پاتاکیوں کہ اسنے مرتد ہوکر گناہ (جرم و جنایت )کا ارتکاب  کیا ہےاور میراث سے بطور سزا محروم ہو جاناارتداد کا شرعی صلہ ہے(فتاوی ختم نبوت 3/46)

* جو شیعہ کفر یہ عقائد مثلاً الو ہیت حضرت علی ؓاور قذف سید ہ حضرت عا ئشہؓ وغیرہ کے قا ئل ہو ں تو اختلا ف دین کی وجہ سے سنی شیعہ کا وارث نہیں ہو سکتا(فتاوی حقانیہ6/726)

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