Witnesses To A Nikah

Question

I wanted to ask if it is permissible for the witnesses in Nikah to be from the boy’s side? I have heard that it is better that they are from the girl’s side and that they are also present when the wakeel is taking permission/consent.

However, will the Nikah be valid if the witnesses on the Masjid form are from the boy’s side and is there any form of karahiyyah in it?

Answer

It should be noted that there are two different types of witnesses that are being discussed:

i. The witnesses present at the time when the Wakīl is taking permission/consent from the bride.
ii. The witnesses present at the time of the Nikāh.

When the bride is giving her consent and appointing a Wakīl, it will be recommended for her to have two witnesses, preferably her Mahrams, present to witness the consent. However, this is not necessary, rather it is recommended to avoid any future disagreements between the bride and the Wakīl.

As with regards to the witnesses present at the time of the Nikāh, they have to be either two sane, mature males, or one sane, mature male and two sane, mature females (all of whom must listen to the Ijab and Qubūl). There is no restriction as to whether these witnesses have to be from the boys’ party or the girls’ party. The witnesses can be from either party or they can even be any two Muslim males or any one Muslim male and any two Muslim females.

Therefore, the Nikāh that takes place with the witnesses from the boys’ party will be valid without any form of Karāhah.

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

أما الشهادة على التوكيل بالنكاح فليست بشرط لصحته كما قدمناه عن البحر، وإنما فائدتها الإثبات عند جحود التوكيل

(رد المحتار) ج ٣ ص ٢١ كتاب النكاح) (ط: سعيد كمپني) 

يصح التوكيل بالنكاح، وإن لم يحضره الشهود، كذا في التتارخانية (الفتاوى الهندية ) ج ١ ص ٢٩٤ (الباب السادس في الوكالة بالنكاح وغيرها) (ط: مكتبة ماجدية)
(البحر الرائق) ج ۳ ص ۸۸ كتاب النكاح) ط: دار الكتاب الإسلامي، الطبعة: الثانية)

 اسلام اور جدید معاشی مسائل ج ۳ ص ۳۱۰

نیز لڑ کی کی جانب سے وکیل کا ہونا کافی ہے اور تو کیل پر گواہی لازم نہیں ہے۔
(کتاب النوازل) ج ۸ ص ۱۳۴، (نکاح میں گواہوں کی شہادت کا بیان ) ( مفتی سلمان منصور پوری)

لڑکی سے اجازت لیتے وقت دو گواہوں کا ہوناضروری نہیں ہے، بلکہ تنہا اجازت لینے سے بھی لڑکی کی طرف سے توکیل درست ہو جاتی ہے۔
(کتاب النوازل ) ج ۸ ص ۱۳۹، (نکاح میں گواہوں کی شہادت کا بیان ) ( مفتی سلمان منصور پوری)

بہتر ہے کہ والد خود نکاح کی اجازت لے اور لڑکی کے دو محرم رشتداروں کو اپنے ساتھ لے جائے۔
(کتاب الفتاوی ) ج ۴ ص ۲۹۹ ( نکاح سے متعلق سوالات) ط: زمزم)

Disclaimer
Purpose and Scope
The information provided on this website is intended for informational and educational purposes only. Fatawa provided on this website are context-dependent, scenario-specific and are impacted by interpretations and individual circumstances.
The information provided on this website is not a substitute for an independent, scenario-specific question, and must not be used to determine or establish a ruling for any other circumstance, situation or dispute.
Accuracy and Reliability
While Darul-Ifta - Darul Uloom Azaadville strives for accuracy, errors may occur. Users are encouraged to verify information independently and notify the Darul-Ifta of any discrepancies.
We reserve the right to edit, moderate or remove any content.
No Legal Authority
Fatawa provided on this website are not legal judgments but rather religious rulings. Legal matters should be addressed through appropriate legal channels.
Acceptance
By using this website, users agree to these terms and conditions.