Combining Funds To Purchase A Qurbaani Animal

Question

A group of poor people in a household want to put money together to make Qurbaani of 1 sheep. I advised that it is 1 share and only 1 person’s Qurbaani will be fulfilled. I mentioned thereafter that I will verify

Please advise what they should do?

Answer

The principle with regard to mandatory (Waajib) sacrifice (Qurbani) is that one sheep/goat can only suffice for the sacrifice (Qurbani) of one person; it will not be possible for a few people to sacrifice (make Qurbani of) one sheep/goat.

Therefore, it will not be possible for all of you to collectively carry out a mandatory (Waajib) sacrifice (Qurbani) of one animal. 

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

(فَتَجِبُ) التَّضْحِيَةُ: أَيْ إرَاقَةُ الدَّمِ مِنْ النَّعَمِ عَمَلًا لَا اعْتِقَادًا بِقُدْرَةٍ مُمْكِنَةٍ هِيَ مَا يَجِبُ بِمُجَرَّدِ التَّمَكُّنِ مِنْ الْفِعْلِ؛ فَلَا يُشْتَرَطُ بَقَاؤُهَا لِبَقَاءِ الْوُجُوبِ لِأَنَّهَا شَرْطٌ مَحْضٌ لَا مُيَسَّرَةٌ، هِيَ مَا يَجِبُ بَعْدَ  لتَّمَكُّنِ بِصِفَةِ الْيُسْرِ فَغَيَّرَتْهُ مِنْ الْعُسْرِ إلَى الْيُسْرِ، فَيُشْتَرَطُ بَقَاؤُهَا لِأَنَّهَا شَرْطٌ فِي مَعْنَى الْعِلَّةِ كَمَا مَرَّ فِي الْفِطْرَةِ بِدَلِيلِ وُجُوبِ تَصَدُّقِهِ بِعَيْنِهَا أَوْ بِقِيمَتِهَا لَوْ مَضَتْ أَيَّامُهَا (عَلَى حُرٍّ مُسْلِمٍ مُقِيمٍ) بِمِصْرٍ أَوْ قَرْيَةٍ أَوْ بَادِيَةٍ عَيْنِيٌّ، فَلَا تَجِبُ عَلَى حَاجٍّ مُسَافِرٍ؛ فَأَمَّا أَهْلُ مَكَّةَ فَتَلْزَمُهُمْ وَإِنْ حَجُّوا، وَقِيلَ لَا تَلْزَمُ الْمُحْرِمَ سِرَاجٌ (مُوسِرٌ) يَسَارَ الْفِطْرَةِ (عَنْ نَفْسِهِ لَا عَنْ طِفْلِهِ) عَلَى الظَّاهِرِ، بِخِلَافِ الْفِطْرَةِ (شَاةٌ) بِالرَّفْعِ بَدَلٌ مِنْ ضَمِيرِ تَجِبُ أَوْ فَاعِلِهِ (أَوْ سُبْعُ بَدَنَةٍ) –
الدر المختار مع الرد ج6 ص313-315

    اگر آپ کے ذمہ قرپانی واجب نہيں تو مرحوم کی طرف سے کر سکتے ہے، اپنی طرف سے خواہ  نہ کرے.     
(آپ   کے مسائل اور ان کا حل –مکتبہ لدھيانوی – ج 5/ص427)۔

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