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Difference Between Amaanat And Wadeeat

Question

Is there any difference between Wadeeat and Amaanats?

Answer

The usage of the word ‘Amaanat’ is more general than ‘Wadee’at’. Wadee’at is specific to that wealth which is entrusted to someone for its protection. And Amaanat is that wealth which is in the possession of the Ameen either for protection, or due to contemplating a transaction with someone (such as described in the lay-by system above), or due to some other reason. for
example; the salary/wage of the employee in the hands of the employer is an Amaanat.

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

(الْمَادَّةُ 762): الْأَمَانَةُ هِيَ الشَّيْءُ الْمَوْجُودُ عِنْدَ الشَّخْصِ الَّذِي اُتُّخِذَ أَمِينًا. سَوَاءٌ أَجُعِلَ أَمَانَةً بِعَقْدِ الِاسْتِحْفَاظِ كَالْوَدِيعَةِ أَمْ كَانَ أَمَانَةً ضِمْنَ عَقْدٍ كَالْمَأْجُورِ وَالْمُسْتَعَارِ. أَوْ صَارَ أَمَانَةً فِي يَدِ شَخْصٍ بِدُونِ عَقْدٍ وَلَا قَصْدٍ. كَمَا لَوْ أَلْقَتْ الرِّيحُ فِي دَارِ أَحَدٍ مَالَ جَارِهِ فَنَظَرًا لِكَوْنِهِ لَمْ يُوجَدْ عَقْدٌ فَلَا يَكُونُ ذَلِكَ الْمَالُ وَدِيعَةً عِنْدَ صَاحِبِ الْبَيْتِ بَلْ أَمَانَةٌ فَقَطْ.

(الْمَادَّةُ 763): الْأَمَانَةُ لُغَةً مَصْدَرٌ بِمَعْنَى كَوْنِ الْإِنْسَانِ أَمِينًا. وَفِي اصْطِلَاحِ الْفُقَهَاءِ الْأَمَانَةُ هِيَ الشَّيْءُ الْمَوْجُودُ عِنْدَ مَنْ اُتُّخِذَ أَمِينًا يَعْنِي الْمَالَ. . الْوَدِيعَةُ فِي اصْطِلَاحِ الْفُقَهَاءِ الْمَالُ الَّذِي يُودَعُ عِنْدَ شَخْصٍ بِقَصْدِ الْحِفْظِ

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