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Fulfilling Multiple Vows

Question

If Zaid made a promise: If rent my house I’ll feed the needy but he did not do it.

Made another promise: If my son recover I’ll feed the needy and he did not do.

Made another promise: If I be able to give my car on rent I will feed the needy. 

And now Zaid wants to feed the needy what is the requirements?

Answer

Firstly, we wish to mention that vow and promise will only be considered if they were pronounced verbally; therefore, by merely thinking about vows or making intention speechlessly will not result in any ruling whatsoever with regards to vows and promises.

In the enquired scenario, the person will feed the needy or give the Sadqat ul Fitr amount to the needy as soon as possible for all the vows he had taken, since his vows were fulfilled.

Moreover, if he intended a specific number (1, 2, 5, etc.) of needy people, that specific number of people should be fed with an  amount of Sadaquat ul Fitr each. However, if he only made an intention to feed needy people (without any specific figure) when he made his promise, he will be obliged to feed 10 needy people or give 10 needy people the amount of Sadqat ul Fitr.i

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

(واجب النذر) بلسانه (قوله بلسانه) فلا يكفي لإيجابه النية منح عن شمس الأئمة…. 
شامي ٢/٤٤١ ط سعيد 

(لزم الناذر) لحديث «من نذر وسمى فعليه الوفاء بما سمى» 
شامي ٣/٧٣٥ ط سعيد 

الفتاوى الهندية ٢/٦٦ ط: دار الفكر 

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