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Purifying Najaasat (Impurity) On The Skin

Question

Kindly explain in detail how to purify impurity from one’s skin.

Answer

Primarily, the impurities are of two types:

1. Nijaasat e Haqeeqiyyah: Physical impurities.
2. Nijaasat e Hukmiyyah: State of being impure, when there is a need of Wudhu or Ghusl.

Nijaasat e Haqeeqiyyah is also of two types:
1. Galeezah: Heavy filth and impurity
2. Khafeefah: Light filth and impurity

Furthermore, if the former (heavy impurity and filth) remains on a person’s body, clothes, etc. while he/she is praying, its amount is taken into consideration. Any solid filth weighing more than 4.86 grams, and any liquid more than the amount that spreads over a person’s inner circle of the palm (2.75cm diameter), invalidates the prayer.

As far as the latter is concerned, if more than one-fourth of a limb or one-fourth of one’s clothes are soiled with Khafeefah (light impurity and filth), it will render the Salah invalid. Although, less than the aforementioned amounts are overlooked by Shariah; yet, it is disliked to pray with it

Additionally, there are two types of Najaasat e Haqeeqiyyah:
1. Marieyyah (Visible filth)
2. Ghair Marieyyah (Invisible filth)

The ruling with regards to cleaning and purifying these is: 

In Marieyyah (visible impurity), one is required to remove the actual substance, unless such traces remain which are difficult to remove.
In Ghair Marieyyah (invisible filth), one is required to wash the impure part of body thrice and, in clothes, one is also required to wash thrice and squeeze the impure part of the cloth after each wash.

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

نور الايضاح ص ٥٩-٦٢
مجمع الانهر ص ٦٠ ج ١ ط: دار إحياء التراث العري 

احسن الفتاوى ص ٨٩ ج ٢ ط: سعيد 

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