Zakaat On A Personal Vehicle

Question

I bought a car about a year and a half plus minus ago. The car is an old one. I bought it for 3000 rand. At that time I bought it to keep if it turned out to be in a running condition or sell it if it turned out bad.

The book value is very low because it’s an old car. I spent about 22500 all in all to get the car running etc including the 3000. I didn’t have a nisab value for a year or before that. The current car value is e.g. 32000.

How much zakaat am I owing?

If I sell the car what amount should I take out for zakat ?

Answer

Firstly, one should understand well that there is no Zakaat on the basic necessities of a person, such as a house, car, clothes, utensils, etc. and even excess items besides cash, old, silver or stock for trade.

If one bought the car with the intention of keeping it for himself, and if he gets a buyer in the future he will sell it, then Zakaat will not be incumbent upon him. If however he buys the car for trade purposes, then from the time that he bought it with the intention of reselling it, a whole year passes and he has not yet sold it, then he will have to pay Zakaat on it (2.5%).

However, in your case, since you did not possess the Nisaab of Zakaat, you will not be required to pay any Zakaat on it. Zakaat will be according to the current market value. If he sells the car, then the proceeds will be regarded as part of his cash assets. As soon as a year passes, he will then discharge Zakaat in the surplus cash that he has left with him at the end of that Zakaatable year.

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

(وليس في دور السكنى وثياب البدن وأثاث المنزل ودواب الركوب (۱) وعبيد الخدمة وسلاح الاستعمال زكاة ؛ لأنها مشغولة بالحاجة الأصلية، ولیست بنامية أصلاً …(۱) و السيارات اليوم كالدواب, ان كانت للركوب لا زكاة فيها …
اللباب في شرح الكتاب ج ١ ص ١٣٦-١٣٧ قديمي

وَلَوْ نَوَى… (قَوْلُهُ: وَلَوْ نَوَى إِلَى مُحْتَرَزُ قَوْلِهِ : وَشَرْطُ مُقَارَنَتِهَا لِعَقْدِ التِّجَارَةِ… التِّجَارَةَ بَعْدَ الْعَقْدِ أَوْ اشْتَرَى شَيْئًا لِلْقِنْيَةِ نَاوِيَا أَنَّهُ إِنْ وَجَدَ رِزْقًا بَاعَهُ لَا زَكَاةَ عَلَيْهِ…
رد المحتار ج ٢ ص ٢٧٤ سعيد

(وَمَا اشْتَرَاهُ لَهَا) أَيْ لِلتِّجَارَةِ كَانَ لَهَا لِمُقَارَنَةِ النِّيَّةِ لِعَقْدِ التَّجَارَةِ… (قَوْلُهُ : كَانَ لَهَا إِلَخَ) لِأَنَّ الشَّرْطَ فِي التِّجَارَةِ مُقَارَنَتُهَا لِعَقْدِهَا وَهُوَ كَسْبُ الْمَالِ بِالْمَالِ بِعَقْدِ شِرَاءٍ أَوْ إِجَارَةٍ أَوْ اسْتِقْرَاضِ حَيْثُ لَا مَانِعَ عَلَى مَا يَأْتِي فِي الشَّرْحِ مَعَ بَيَانِ الْمُحْتَرَزَاتِ؛ ثُمَّ إِنَّ نِيَّةَ التِّجَارَةِ قَدْ تَكُونُ صَرِيحًا وَقَدْ تَكُونُ دَلَالَةً …
رد المحتار ج ۲ ص ۲۷۲-۲۷۳ سعید

(الزكاة واجبة في عروض التجارة، كائنة ما كانت) : أي كائنة أي شيء، يعني سواء كانت من جنس ما تجب فيه الزكاة كالسوائم، أو غيرها كالثياب (إذا بلغت قيمتها نصاباً من الورق أو الذهب، يقومها صاحبها (بما هو أنفع للفقراء والمساكين منهما : أي النصابين؛ احتياطاً لحق الفقراء…
اللباب في شرح الكتاب ج ١ ص ١٤٥ قديمي

الزَّكَاةُ وَاحِبَةٌ فِي عُرُوضِ التِّجَارَةِ كَائِنَةً مَا كَانَتْ إِذَا لَغَتْ قِيمَتُهَا نِصَابًا مِنْ الْوَرِقِ وَالذَّهَبِ كَذَا فِي الْهِدَايَةِ… وَتُعْتَبَرُ الْقِيمَةُ عِنْدَ حَوَلَانِ الْحَوْلِ… وَإِنْ أَدَّى الْقِيمَةَ تُعْتَبَرُ قِيمَتُهَا يَوْمَ الْوُجُوبِ…
الفتاوى الهندية ج ١ ص ١٤٩ دار احياء التراث العربي

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