Fluctuating Courier Costs

Question

We wholesale our kitabs to bookshops around the country and courier them using _______ Couriers. The bookshop sends us their order and we then send the kitabs with an invoice which has the price of the books and the courier cost. The bookshop pays us after they receive the kitabs and the invoice. We do not tell them the courier cost at the time of them placing the order. The courier cost is only mentioned in the invoice sent to them with the kitabs. The courier cost is known to us at the time of dispatching the books. Depending on whether we package it as 1 or 2 boxes there is a price difference of around R50 – R121 depending on the area we are sending to. We do not charge an extra amount for packaging. We pass on the exact cost of the courier to the bookshop. Also, we normally tell the bookshop at the time of the order that we will be using _______ Couriers, but there have been times when we did not mention the name of the courier company before the order was dispatched. Is this ijaarah faasidah? If yes, how do we correct it for all the years we have been operating in this way? 

Answer

The Ijaarah will not be Faasid. It will be regarded as though the seller was appointed by the customer as a representative to hire a courier company on his behalf. If the customer is told upfront that he will be paying for the courier service, it follows then that you will be acting on behalf of the customer for hiring a courier company’s service. The customer being unaware of the details of the Ijaarah contract between the seller and the courier will not affect its validity.

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

References

وجاز التوكيل بالتوكيل. (قوله بالتوكيل) بيانه في الأشباه من الوكالة.
(رد المحتار، ٥: ٥٢٩، سعيد) 

(الأشباه والنظائر، ٢: ١٢٨ إدارة القرآن والعلوم الإسلامية)

(الأشباه والنظائر مع حاشية الرافعي، ١٣٦، سعيد) 

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